5280 Naturals

All Natural, Organic, Handcrafted Bath and Beauty Products
Fresh, Handmade, Vegan, Cruelty-Free, Chemical Free, Ethical Purchasing

Ingredients We Use and Why We Use Them

 

This list is meant to be used as a resource guide. If you see an ingredient you are curious about and would like to know more about what it does for you; or why we use a specific product or type of product, you can find it in this list, which will help you gain the information you seek. All ingredients are listed in alphabetical order according to what type of element they are; Additives, Carrier Oils, Colorants, Exotic Oils & Butters, Essential or Fragrance Oils, Extracts, Goat & Other Milks, and Preservatives.

"It's a well-known fact that 60% of what we put on our skin is absorbed into our body"
Debbie Bilezikian, All Natural Beauty.

"In the U.S., approximately 20% of cosmetics and personal care products contain a formaldehyde-releaser and the frequency of contact allergy to these ingredients is much higher among Americans compared to studies in Europe."
Source: EWG
 

5280 Naturals is basically self-taught with the help of some very talented soapers and chemists. Since we are not doctors or chemists, we rely on people who are to help us understand the various oils and butters available to us and what they will do. Therefore, all the "claims" below are direct from a variety of sources and are not in any way the claims of 5280 Naturals.
Garden of Wisdom, Olessa Pindak, Natural Beauty Workshop, Anne-Marie Faiola, The Naked Chemist, Swifts Crafty Monkey,  http://www.qualityfirst.on.ca/ExButter.htm, Sassy n Savy, et. al. 

We use all raw, unrefined, natural, organic or Ecocert (certified for use in organic products)*, butters, carrier oils, clays, colors, essential oils, herbs, waxes, etc.
* http://www.ecocert.com/en/natual-and-organic-cosmetics

Allergy Warning:  We highly encourage all people with allergies, but especially those with nut allergies to read labels.  Shea Butter is a nut butter and while we doubt there is enough in soap to have people react there most likely is enough in some of the whipped butters, etc.  People with peanut allergies have reacted to Shea Butter.  As well, Tamanu Oil, which is a nut oil.

Additives

Please Note: All the extracts we use and their benefits have their own pages (see Extracts in this document)

Allantoin is a naturally occurring nitrogenous compound used as a skin conditioning agent. It soothes and moisturizes the skin with softening properties, and promotes healthy cell renewal, aiding in keratin production. Ideal component in anti-aging products.

Avocado - There are few foods better for your skin and hair than avocado. Full of nutrients like antioxidants, minerals, carotenoids, protein, fiber, phytosterols and omega-3 fatty acids, the benefits of avocado are seemingly endless-here are just a few:

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-skin cancer properties
  • Reduces wrinkles and age spots
  • Soothes and heals psoriasis
  • Evens out skin tone
  • Relief for dry skin and hair
  • Protects against UV rays and pollution
  • Increases circulation
  • Reduces split ends
  • Makes hair shiny
  • Stimulates hair growth*

* http://hellonatural.co/the-beauty-benefits-of-avocado

To learn more about avocado's benefits, type "avocado benefits in skin care" into your search engine and you'll find a ton of information.

Baking Soda - Never knew there was a difference in baking soda. How can baking soda not be "natural", they both come from the ground! We found out. It's all in the way it's processed or refined once it comes out of the ground. The natural baking soda goes through a process using all natural processing. Regular baking soda is processed using chemicals. It's pretty much that simple. Therefore, weuse the natural or organic baking soda.

Bee Pollen contains an extremely high amount of antioxidants that prevent free radicals from stress, pollutants, chemicals in your environment and radiation from the sun from causing lasting damage to your skin. You can gain these benefits by taking the pollen through internal digestion or by a salve applied to the skin topically. According to Dr. M. Esperrois of the French Institute of Chemistry, bee pollen has a natural antibiotic effect that suppresses acne. It also contains high concentrations of nucleic acids, the building blocks of RNA and DNA. The acids help rejuvenate acne-damaged skin by reducing inflammation and increasing cell growth and turnover. These benefits can be best gained by using a topical salve.

Bee Propolis Tincture - Various products derived from the beehive have been studied and propolis has proved to be a product having beneficial results for human health. Propolis is the resinous substance that bees gather from the leaf buds of trees and certain vegetables. The bee gathers this and transforms it in order to disinfect the beehive, seal cracks, build panels, as well as using it as a micro biocidal agent, disinfectant and also for embalming intruders otherwise difficult to expel due to their size. Therefore, propolis is directly responsible for guaranteeing the asepsis of the beehives, which are prone to developing viruses and bacteria, given their conditions of temperature and humidity. Due to the great number of active ingredients present, tincture (alcoholic extract) of propolis is well known and used for its therapeutic properties, principally for its stimulant action on the organism's defense system. Notable among its properties are its antioxidant and anti-microbial action, its activity as a stimulant, and its healing, analgesic, anesthetic and anti-inflammatory activity. To date, in the literature consulted, no antioxidant capacity values have been found greater than those obtained for propolis.
www.articles.mercola.com

Calendula -anyone who gardens is probably quite familiar with the pretty gold and orange blooms of the Calendula plant. Calendula Herbal Oil is made from soaking the flower petals of the calendula plant in a carrier oil such as sweet almond oil. You're left with an oil that has all the good stuff from the calendula flower that your skin loves. Calendula oil is a common herbal oil remedy for treating skin conditions. It is an excellent anti-inflammatory and antiseptic, making it beneficial to sore, inflamed, itchy skin conditions. It promotes healing, increases collagen production and cell regeneration. It also aids in the reduction of scars making it ideal for many skin conditions. Calendula is commonly used for acne, eczema, psoriasis, diaper rash, dry chapped skin and other rashes.

Clays - some of the following clays are used as colorants (the Brazilian clays); and many are commonly used to clean and purify the skin. They have mild exfoliating powers and help to detoxify the skin by drawing impurities from pores.

Bentonite is one of most popular clays and comes from naturally occurring volcanic ash sediments here in the United States. Bentonite clay has been traditionally used to assist in mineral deficiencies, and to help bind toxins making them more soluble. Bentonite, also referred to as Montmorillonite, is one of the most effective and powerful healing clays.

Brazilian Clays (Natural, Yellow, Pink, Purple, Dark Red) -- These naturally colored clays do not contain any artificial dyes or pigments. The various shades are achieved by variations of the minerals and oligo elements found in the soil in the different regions of Brazil.

Green Zeolite Clay is mixed in the famous Armargosa Valley of Nevada. It has incredibly high purity. Zeolite is most often used for odor absorption and ion exchange. In cosmetic-grade products, it is fantastic as a mild scrub, natural colorant or as a cleansing agent, due to its exceptional absorption properties. Our Zeolite is commercially sterilized and free of bacteria.

French Green Clay is often called Illite Clay or Sea Clay. This clay contains a wide variety of healing elements, including montmorillonite (Bentonite), magnesium, calcium, potassium, dolomite, silica, manganese, phosphorous, silicon, copper, and selenium. French Green Clay is widely used in spas and it works by helping remove the dead skin cells and promoting circulation in the healthy new skin cells below the epidermis. Our French green clay has enormous absorbent powers due to the constitution of its micro molecules. It literally "drinks" oils, toxic substances, and impurities from your skin. Its toning action stimulates the skin by bringing fresh blood to damaged skin cells, revitalizing the complexion, and tightening pores.
www.deliciousobsessions.com


Fuller's Earth Clay is a sedimentary clay made up of volcanic ash, which has been widely used as a skin-lightening agent. This clay is a strong absorbent and is good for drawing excess oils from the skin and stimulating circulation. Because of its enormous drawing capabilities, Fuller's Earth is the number one choice for oily skin.

Kaolin Clay is also known as China Clay. This is the least aggressive of all clays. Its natural absorbency properties allows it to be used in body powders, cosmetics, skin care products, etc. Used on the most sensitive skin types, it will stimulate circulation while gently exfoliating, but NOT draw impurities from the skin so it is acceptable for dry skin.

Rhassoul Clay is a truly exquisite spa-quality clay from ancient deposits unearthed from the fertile Atlas Mountains in Morocco. Rhassoul clay is unbelievable when it comes to absorbing oils and impurities from both the hair and the skin! High in Silica, Magnesium, Iron, Calcium, Potassium and Sodium content this clay has been tested and the results show that it reduces dryness, flakiness, removes dead skin cells, absorbs oils, improves the texture and appearance of your skins surface and purity.

Rose Clay is considered a mild Kaolin Clay that is commonly used to clean and purify the skin. It has mild exfoliating powers and like all clays, helps to detoxify the skin by drawing impurities from pores. Rose clay is rich in trace elements and excellent for sensitive skin. It is very gentle and does not draw oils from skin. Great for dry skin and in baby powders.

White Kaolin Clay is the most versatile and easily applied clay that is commonly found in standard skincare preparations and cosmetics. White Kaolin clay, also known as White Cosmetic clay, is a very fine and light clay that has natural absorbency properties.

Colloidal Oatmeal - In 1945, a technological advancement facilitated the fine milling of oatmeal, which is commonly known as colloidal oatmeal. The innovation of fine milling allowed the wild oats to retain its naturally active benefits when added to various skincare products.

We use colloidal oatmeal because it imparts a soft, cushiony feel on the skin, giving it a near-velvet smoothness after drying. The composition of colloidal oatmeal is diverse, and includes polysaccharides (60%-64%), proteins (10%-18%), lipids (3%-9%), saponins, enzymes (such as the potent antioxidant superoxide dismutase), prostaglandin-synthesis inhibitors, flavonoids, and vitamins. All of these goodies work together to nourish your skin. The real star of the show however, is the Beta-glucan colloidal oatmeal contains.

Beta-glucan has the unique properties of being able to form an unnoticeably fine protective film on your skin as well as being able to penetrate deep into the skin. Thus it provides a protective layer while also providing much needed deep moisturizing to your skin. It also enhances wound healing and shallow abrasions, and naturally stimulates collagen deposition and activation of immune cells within the skin.

What other benefits are there to using oatmeal in skincare products?

  • Oatmeal has anti-inflammatory properties and is perfect for most skin types, even the most sensitive skin.
  • Oatmeal contains saponins, a mild cleansing agent.
  • Oatmeal helps remove dead skin cells.
  • Oatmeal can help treat acne, eczema, rosacea and rashes.
  • Oatmeal can help relieve symptoms of aging skin.
  • Oatmeal is known to have good exfoliating properties and this will help to get the daily toxins off the skin.
  • It is also known to have skin lightening effects and thus it also helps to improve the skin tone and texture, and smooth out blotchy areas.
  • Oatmeal repairs damage from other chemicals, such as alpha hydroxy acids, surfactants, and bleaches.
  • It can help calm the skin.
  • Oatmeal helps reduce pore size.

Comfrey Root and leaf have been used since Roman times, dating back thousands of years. This herb has been utilized in folk medicine throughout Europe and North America and has been widely cultivated as a garden medicinal specifically for its reputation for healing various internal and external wounds. Much debate surrounds the safety of comfrey due to various parts and preparations containing potentially toxic alkaloids. It is important to understand that the part used, species, and time of harvest all come in to play when determining the safety of this herb. A large body of traditional use supports its safety and efficacy if used intelligently and cautiously.
MountainRoseHerbs.com

Dandelion Flowers, Leaves & Roots - While many people think of the dandelion as a pesky weed, it is chock full of vitamins A, B, C, and D, as well as minerals such as iron, potassium, and zinc. Herbalists use dandelion root as an ingredient to treat external skin abscesses and sores. It's also good for sore muscles. We infuse Olive oil or Jojoba oil with dandelion flowers and leaves to use in various skin care recipes. Dandelion infused oil is known to keep the skin moist and wrinkle free, help prevent skin disorders such as acne and eczema, reduces skin inflammation, and helps in curing several skin disorders such as eczema and psoriasis.

D,L-Panthenol, aka Pro-Vitamin B5, is a stable mixture of D-Panthenol and L-Panthenol. The human body readily absorbs DL-Panthenol through the skin and it rapidly converts D-Panthenol to Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5), a natural constituent of healthy hair and a substance present in all living cells. Only D-Panthenol is converted to Vitamin B5 and not the L-Panthenol.  Studies have shown D-Panthenol promotes stimulation of epithelization, granulation, mitigation of itching and has an anti-inflammatory effect.  When used in formulations over the course of three to four weeks, it has the potential to improve the appearance of the skin, including dryness, roughness, scaling, pruritus and erethyema.  Further, its moisturizing properties improve stratum corneum hydration, reducing transepidermal water loss and maintaining skin elasticity and softness. Panthenol also works with DMAE in the production of acetylcholine which firms and tones the skin.

Exfoliants - Credit is given to the ancient Egyptians for the practice of exfoliation. In the middle ages, wine was used as a chemical exfoliant, with tartaric acid as the active agent. In Asia, the practice of exfoliation started hundreds of years ago. Why exfoliate? To understand, you need to know your skin - especially the skin on your face. It sheds dead cells continuously. But these cells don't just disappear - they can be sticky and stubborn, needing an extra push. That's where natural exfoliants come in. We use Jojoba Beads, Salt (see "Salts" in this document), Sugar, Cranberry Seeds, Colloidal Oatmeal, Poppy seeds, and Vitamin E Beads. We do not use chemical exfoliants, nor do weuse micro-beads and never have. Microbeads are causing a lot of damage to our oceans, lakes, and rivers.
See http://www.ema-online.org/how_are_we_really_doing_with_plastic_microbeads_in_ouroceans or type in "ban the microbeads" and you'll find a ton of information.

Honey - We use only Manuka Honey - see why below. Honey has a hygroscopic nature, which means when exposed to air it naturally absorbs moisture in from the air. Honey contains natural antioxidant properties. When used in skin and hair treatments, honey traps and seals in the moisture leaving skin soft and supple, and hair glossy and healthy. The application of raw honey to sores and open wounds may speed healing because of its antibiotic properties. In a study published by the British Journal of Surgery, raw honey with pollen included was shown to help close wounds with its acidic drying power and bacteria-killing ingredient called inhibine, on 58 antibiotic-resistant wound patients. In this case, raw honey was applied to the wound topically.

Why Manuka Honey?

Manuka honey has shown the highest viscosity (thickness) among a range of studied honeys. This property is due to the presence of a protein or colloid and is its main visually defining character, along with its typical dark cream to dark brown color. Studies found that dark-color honeys seem to possess more antioxidants than light-color varieties.

The effective antimicrobial agent in honey prohibits the growth of certain bacteria. Types of honey differ greatly in their antimicrobial potency, varying as much as a hundred fold. Honey derived from the Manuka bush, found in New Zealand, claims the highest potency of such antimicrobial properties. UMF (Unique Manuka Factor) Manuka has both the natural hydrogen peroxide antibacterial property and its own natural UMF antibacterial property, giving it increased antibacterial potency. The UMF property is very stable, unlike the hydrogen peroxide antibacterial property common in most honey which is easily destroyed by heat and light as well as certain enzymes in body serum.
The Miraculous Manuka Honey

Honeyquat PF (Paraben Free) is a naturally derived quaternized conditioning agent made from honey with excellent moisture binding capabilities (far more powerful than glycerin) for use on skin and hair in both leave-on and rinse-off applications. It is substantive and moisturizing and with it's low molecular weight, able to penetrate hair to provide its moisturizing benefits over time while providing shine and luster. Honeyquat will improve wet-combability of the hair and reduce static buildup when dry combing.

Hydrolyzed Baobab Protein is a water-soluble, cosmetic grade vegetable protein extract made from the large seeds of the Adansonia Digitata fruit. The seeds are obtained via ethical and sustainable methods which support local communities in Africa. The Boabab is an iconic African tree called the "tree of life" due to its ability to store large amounts of water and withstand the harsh climate. Individual trees can live more than 2,000 years. Ancient folklore suggests that water infused with baobab seeds gives strength, good health, and good fortune.

  • For the hair, Hydrolyzed Baobab Protein provides an anti-aging treatment including damage recovery, protection from damage, nourishment, and strength and conditioning effects. Hair becomes damaged through UV-exposure, heat, pollution, and stress. Hydrolyzed Baobab Protein has been tested on African, Brazilian, and Caucasian hair, and has been shown to have positive results in all 3 hair types.
  • For skin treatment, Hydrolyzed Baobab Protein defends skin against UV stress by limiting cellular photo-aging. It restores skin vitality by reducing DNA damage following UV exposure. It maintains healthy, supple skin with nourishing amino acids.

Hydrolyzed Proteins  We do love the hydrolyzed proteins - they're humectants, emollients, and film formers.  They can increase the adsorption of the product to your hair or skin by binding fatty alkyl groups to the proteins. Hydrolyzed proteins offer moisturizing, will feel silky and soft on your skin or hair, and they can also reduce skin irritation making them good for combatting skin dryness.  Although there are dozens of hydrolyzed proteins available our favorites are oat, phytokeratin, and silk.  Studies have shown that hydrolyzed oats retain significantly more moisture no matter what the humidity, and gain up to 50% more moisture at relative low humidity when extra moisture is most needed.  We do not usually use hydrolyzed wheat protein, but it is part of the phytokeratin we use.  The phytokeratin we use is a mixture of non-GMO soy, wheat and corn.    If you are gluten intolerant, the small amount in the phytokeratin, especially in relationship to the entire recipe, should not cause a problem.  However, you may want to check with your doctor, especially if you have had problems with a commercial product that contained hydrolyzed wheat protein..

Hydrovance  is a single moisturizing agent comparable to the leading agents added to bathing products, such as glycerin, silicone, and aesthetic enhancing agents.  We do not use silicone, as stated on our "Ingredients We Avoid" page, and we like to use Hydrovance in place of glycerin because it is better at combating dry skin and leaves the skin baby soft.  It also doesn't leave the sticky feeling you often get on your skin after using a lotion with glycerin.

Matcha Green Tea is a micro fine powder of ground Green Tea Leaves (Camellia Sinensis). The leaves are dried and then ground into Matcha Green Tea Leaf Powder. Used by Asian philosophers and poets for over 1200 years in rolled cakes and elixirs, Matcha is also valued for use in cosmetics and toiletries due to its high content of Polyphenols, Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCg), and Xanthines.

Green Tea can protect the skin from aging and serious damage in general from the suns UVB rays. Xanthines present in Matcha, such as Caffeine and Theobromine, have natural anti-inflammatory, anti-cellulite and anti-irritancy effects. When a non-covalent bond forms between a Xanthine and Polyphenol, the skin-protecting characteristics are greatly enhanced. Now add in the fact that EGCg is an antioxidant that is 20 times stronger than Tocopherol (Vitamin E) and over 65 times stronger in antioxidant properties than the average fruit or vegetable, while also being an insatiable free radical scavenger, and it is plain to see the skin protection potential that the active ingredients in Matcha provide.
Camden-Grey Essential Oils

The fine particles of Matcha green tea penetrate the top layers of the skin, and readily impart the healing benefits of green tea.

Top 5 effects of Matcha on skin:

1. Anti-oxidant/anti-aging - due to its extremely high level of anti-oxidants. (The highest ORAC {Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity} rated food)
2. Anti-inflammatory - due to the caffeine and catechins
3. Anti-microbial - eliminates blemishes and acne
4. Anti-cancer/fights sun damage - powerful cancer fighting constituents (EGCg).
5. Mildly exfoliating and detoxifying - particles sizes and high chlorophyll content.
http://www.zenmatchatea.net/matcha/matcha-tea-skin

Rhubarb is great in pie, but also has amazing skin care ingredients like Vitamin C, Minerals, and Polyphenols to improve skin hydration. Rhubarb has also shown antimicrobial, anti-oxidant and antifungal activity.

Salts:

Dead Sea Salt (white & Pink), Pink Himalayan Salt and Premium Epsom Salt. The Dead Sea salt we use is sourced from Israel. It is higher in bromides, magnesium, potassium and chloride. It is thought that Dead Sea salt's therapeutic properties come from these higher mineral concentrations. Potassium helps regulate the moisture level of the skin, Magnesium encourages skin to heal more quickly, and Bromide has a smoothing and relaxing effect. Dead Sea Salt is normally used to help detoxify the skin, which is why we use it in scrubs. However, there are individuals that use it for relief from psoriasis.

The Pink Himalayan Salt is hand-mined from ancient salt beds within the Himalayan Mountains. Protected from pollution and impurities since their formation 200 million years ago, Pink Himalayan salt is believed to be the purest form of salt available. This sea salt is known for its stimulating and soothing properties. We love it in salt bars for its exfoliating and moisturizing abilities, and it tastes great too.

Epsom salt is not actually a salt, but is instead made of hydrated magnesium sulfate which makes it an excellent exfoliant as well as a good moisturizer. Premium Epsom Salt is jewel like and gorgeous, with soothing and relaxing properties.

Sugar (Demerara & Organic): Long known in Europe for its exquisite flavor, Demerara sugar has only recently become available in the U.S. We use demerara sugar in our scrubs because it is a pure, unrefined, natural sugar milled in Mauritius. It is particularly special because it's grown on soil rich with volcanic ash. We are really going to have to try it in our coffee sometime!

Talc  - Finely ground talc is used as the powder base of many cosmetic products. The tiny platelets of a talc powder readily adhere to the skin but can be washed off easily. Talc's softness allows it to be applied and removed without causing skin abrasion.

Talc also has the ability to absorb oils and perspiration produced by human skin. The ability of talc to absorb moisture, absorb odor, adhere to the skin, serve as a lubricant and produce an astringent effect in contact with human skin make it an important ingredient in many antiperspirants. In 2011, about 7% of the talc consumed in the United States was used to make cosmetics and antiperspirant.

Talc and asbestos occur naturally and may occur in close proximity in some metamorphic rocks. Studies published in the 1960's and 1970's identified health concerns about the use of talc that contains asbestos in some cosmetic products.

According to the FDA, "These studies have not conclusively demonstrated such a link, or if such a link existed, what risk factors might be involved." However, to address these concerns, talc mining sites are now carefully selected and ores are carefully processed to avoid the presence of asbestos in talc destined for use in the cosmetics industry.

Titanium dioxide is an inert earth mineral used as a thickening, whitening, lubricating, and sunscreen ingredient in cosmetics.

Although titanium dioxide is a natural ingredient, pure titanium dioxide in nature is almost always adulterated with potentially harmful contaminants such as lead and iron. Therefore, titanium dioxide is purified via synthetic processes for use in cosmetics and sunscreens. We only use titanium dioxide as a whitening agent in soap.

Tussah Silk Fibers - All natural cruelty free silk. Leaves a general luxurious "silky" feeling to soap and lotions.

Carrier Oils

Castor Oil is extremely conditioning, making it great for dry skin. Castor oil soothes inflamed skin, and reduces swelling from damage or irritation. As castor oil is the biggest source of ricin oleic acid, it has properties that other oils may not have. Ricin oleic acid is a polyunsaturated fatty acid with antifungal and antibacterial properties. As a humectant, ricin oleic acid pulls moisture from the air and traps it to the skin, helping to hydrate skin.

Castor Oil in Soap resists saponification so the characteristics of castor oil, a thick and moisturizing lather, remain in our final soap. It is ideal for problem skin (acne, eczema, allergy bumps, and other sensitivities).

Coconut (Virgin) Oil - is a solid fat, which has a unique makeup that gives it a lighter feel than most solid fats. Highly moisturizing, yet not greasy, coconut oil is packed full of anti-oxidants, vitamins and anti-inflammatory compounds. Coconut oil is also naturally anti-microbial.

Coconut Oil in Soap - The health benefits of coconut oil in cold process soap for skin are amazing; the oil possesses antimicrobial, antifungal, anti-bacterial, and antioxidant properties. The lauric, capric and caprylic acids within the oil are credited with many of these benefits. Coconut oil contains medium chain fatty acids which are absorbed into the skin, where they can be directly utilized for nutrition and energy. This provides all the energy your skin needs to heal and maintain itself.
http://www.asianspaproduct.com/ingredient/benefits-of-coconut-oil-in-cold-process-soap-for-skin/#sthash.DbvcWh19.dpuf

Olive Oil is a perfect medium-weight oil to start with if you are looking for a natural facial moisturizer. High in omega fatty acids and vitamin E, it can be used on the skin as an excellent nourishing and softening oil. Olive oil conditions the skin, while also naturally cleansing. It absorbs easily into the skin, quickly maximizing the benefits of the vitamins and essential fatty acids in the oil. As an antioxidant, olive oil will also help to protect skin from damaging free radicals.

Olive Oil in soap makes a highly moisturizing and mild bar.

Palm Oil in Soap - Palm oil is used in cold process soap to add to the hardness of the bar and is a typical replacement for tallow (rendered beef fat) in all vegetable oil recipes. From our supplier: "Our Palm oil is physically refined without the use of chemical solvents, thereby reducing the risk of residue contamination. In keeping with our social and ethical responsibility goals, our Palm oil supplier is a member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), an organization that supports sustainable palm oil production. For more information see their website here."

Rice Bran Oil - High in tocotrienol, a form of vitamin E found to inhibit cancer cell growth, rice bran oil is a medium-weight oil with a long history of use for its anti-aging properties. Rice bran oil also protects skin from UV rays. It's a great conditioner for dry skin, and softens roughness without leaving a greasy or oily residue behind. This oil helps to heal and repair damaged skin, while nutrition from fatty acids help to keep skin healthy.

Organic Safflower Oil (Oleic) is conditioning, which will help to retain moisture to the skin and help to hydrate and moisturize dry skin. Safflower oil is high in oleic monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid and low in linoleic polyunsaturated fatty acid, making it a very nourishing oil for the skin. We use only organic safflower oil because of the high potential of "hidden toxins" in non-organic safflower oil.* Safflower Oil is very similar to Sunflower Oil.
* www.bubble&beeorganics.com

GMO-free Sunflower Seed Oil is a great oil for most skin types, helps to condition skin and hold moisture to the skin, helping to prevent drying out of the skin and dehydration. With Vitamins A, B, D, and E, sunflower seed oil is extremely nourishing and helps to keep skin healthy with essential fatty acids. It leaves a protective barrier that helps to keep skin safe from pollutants. Sunflower oil is uniquely high in lecithin, which may improve more severe skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema and dermatitis.

Colorants

We use all natural colorants; e.g., clays, micas, seeds, ultramarines, and powders. We do not use FD&C dyes. As with essential and fragrance oils, these natural colorants are too numerous to put in this document. If you have a question, please feel free to contact us at info@5280naturals.com

Exotic Oils & Butters

Aloe Vera has amazing healing and soothing properties. Used on irritated and inflamed areas, aloe reduces swelling and calms the skin. Incredible for use on damaged skin, aloe helps prevent viral and fungal infections, and helps to boost cellular regeneration. All skin types can benefit from the use of Aloe Vera oil, as it is high in essential vitamins for the health of the skin.

Almond Butter For many years, skin care experts and product manufacturers have used almond oil as a treatment for dry skin. The moisturizing properties of the oil work particularly well for people with delicate or sensitive skin, making it a good choice for dry skin on your face or to relieve itching and soreness from rashes and other skin irritations.

Raw or minimally processed almond butter is particularly high in vitamin E, containing almost 9 mg for every 1/4 cup of almonds used. It's important to note that due to mass processing, many of the almond butters you find in grocery or health food stores will not contain this high amount of vitamin E. We get our almond butter from suppliers who make small batches from fresh, organic almonds.

Almond butter also contains a healthy dose of Omega-6 fatty acids. Your body uses these essential fatty acids, along with Omega-3, to make eicosanoids, which have been shown to reduce the incidence of eczema, psoriasis, acne and other inflammatory skin conditions.

Almond Oil (Sweet) is as nourishing for the skin, as it is rich in essential fatty acids, minerals and vitamins, mainly A, B and E which are great for skin health. Great for dry skin, almond oil is a natural emollient. It soothes and conditions irritated skin, while also leaving it protected from harmful pollutants. Often used as a massage oil, sweet almond oil is also used for children and babies. Sweet almond oil helps maintain moisture levels of the skin and gets absorbed in a jiffy without blocking the pores.

Apricot Kernel Oil is rich in essential fatty acids, which keep skin cells healthy and skin looking youthful. This oil is light weight and rich in Vitamin E. It is easily absorbed into the dermis, therefore often used as a massage oil. Soothing for irritated skin, apricot kernel oil is great for sensitive, inflamed and dry skin. Also, a great option for prematurely aged skin. Suitable for children and infant massage.

Argan Oil - Known as "Liquid Gold", Argan oil comes from the seeds of the Argan Tree. Imported from Morocco, Argan oil is rich and high in essential unsaturated fatty acids, making it great for improving the health and youthfulness of skin. Soothing and anti-inflammatory, Argan oil calms irritated and swollen skin. It heals damaged skin, and assists in treating skin conditions such as eczema. Perfect for sensitive and dry skin, Argan softens rough skin, leaving it smooth and touchable. We know it seems counter-intuitive to add even more oil to acne-prone or excessively oily skin, but believe it or not, Argan Oil miraculously balances your skin's oil production to bring these conditions back under control, heal blemishes, prevent new breakouts and reduce scarring.

Avocado Butter is an exotic butter from the tropical regions of the world. It is obtained from the oil, of the fruit, of the avocado tree. It is produced through a unique process which produces a soft butter with a mild scent. It is known to help moisturize and soften rough, dry, and cracked skin. Also containing many of the benefits of Avocado Oil, see Avocado Oil for those benefits.

Avocado Oil - You will find Avocado Oil in a lot of our products because of its many skin-loving ingredients. Avocados are an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins A, D and E, and can provide skin with deep moisture. The oil of an avocado is able to penetrate the skin with its thin consistency; it is also thick enough to serve as a protective barrier on the skin. In addition to providing the skin with moisture, the antioxidants found in avocado oil -- particularly vitamins A and E -- can help soothe sunburned skin. Avocado oil also contains sterolins, which are natural steroids. They may be effective in boosting collagen production and in treating age spots. With its high level of vitamin E, avocado oil may reduce itching and inflammation of the skin and is also beneficial in softening rough and cracked skin.

Baobab Oil - Originating from the seeds of the "upside down" tree in Africa, Baobab oil is an extremely rich oil that absorbs quickly into the skin, so as not to leave an unpleasant lubricated feel. Baobab is very high in essential fatty acids, making it exceptionally healthy and conditioning for rough skin, while not clogging pores.

Babassu Oil is a superior emollient from the South American Babassu Palm Tree, which is beneficial for both dry and oily complexions, and of course normal or sensitive skin types. It's especially beneficial for aging skin, whatever the skin type. Babassu oil forms a protective, soothing invisible barrier when applied to the skin, keeping away dirt and grime from your pores, but without clogging them. It gently moisturizes the skin without leaving an oily sheen, and has proven healing benefits for eczema, itchy, extra dry and inflamed skin.
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6578709

Camellia Oil - Also known as Tea Seed Oil, Camellia Oil is a powerful antioxidant due to its catechin content. It is also antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and a stimulant. Known to have anti-aging properties that helps to fight wrinkles and diminish the appearance of fine lines, this oil is light weight on the skin. It is an effective multipurpose

moisturizer, that penetrates quickly and deeply to give optimum hydration without a greasy feel. It can reduce acne scarring, large pores, and prevent or diminish stretch marks due to pregnancy or other sudden weight gain. It offers similar benefits for hair, adding shine, softness, and smoothness. Camellia oil is known to be effective multi-purpose moisturizer.

Camelina Oil is produced from the seeds of the Camelina sativa plant, which are cold pressed to extract the oil, with no chemicals being used in the process. The seed oil of Camelina contains an exceptional amount (up to 45 per cent) of omega-3 fatty acids, as well as a unique antioxidant complex making the oil very stable and resistant to heat and rancidity. Camelina oil is an excellent source of omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturates, and is rich in Vitamin E.

Carrot Seed Oil not the same as carrot seed essential oil. This infused variety of carrot seed oil, which uses the taproot (orange, edible portion) of cultivated carrots, is macerated in a carrier oil such as olive oil. This oil works against premature aging, heals burns, soothes irritated skin and relieves itching, helps to treat and heal eczema and psoriasis and reduces signs of scarring. Carrot seed oil primary use is topical (to support healthy skin). Full of vitamins and minerals vital to healthy skin, carrot seed oil conditions (reversing dryness), and imparts smooth, glowing skin and adding carrot seed oil to skin care formulations may also enhance their effectiveness.

Chia Seed Oil is known for its high omega-3 fatty acids content. Recently, this oil has become popular in the cosmetic industry for those looking to soothe dry, itchy, or inflamed skin. Chia oil is commonly incorporated into cosmetics that market its antioxidant benefits and skin protecting properties. Its high content of protein, vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, niacin, iron, and zinc make chia oil great for applications meant to replenish hair, skin, and nails.

Cocoa Butter is a very hard butter. It is one of the most stable fats known, containing natural antioxidants. Well-known for lightening scars and stretch marks, cocoa butter provides a protective barrier on the skin. In cosmetics, it is valued for its lubricating properties and emollient virtues.

Coconut Cream contains high amounts of lauric acid, making it an amazing natural antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral. As such, coconut cream is perfect for treating acne and is a great spot treatment for blemishes. This cream is very rich with a divine aroma and helps to smooth rough skin, while also reducing redness and flaking. Coconut cream can also be used on hair to help improve the health of the scalp, while also strengthening and adding gloss to hair.

Coffee Bean Butter is one of those natural products to consider when looking for skin-firming ingredients.  Coffee Bean Butter is thought to block enzymes harmful to skin destruction and helps protect the skin from harsh weather. This butter is highly moisturizing, helps to soothe and repair irritated, red and dry skin, and it is rich in the polyphenol Chlorogenic Acid, which is a powerful anti-oxidant that provides free radical scavenging properties. The phytosterol (plant sterol) content of Coffee Bean Butter also gives it an anti-inflammatory action and makes it a useful addition to ease skin redness or swelling. Best of all, it smells wonderful!  Caffeine content is about 1%.  Caffeine is known to tighten your skin, making it firmer and younger looking!

Cupuacu Butter is imported from Brazil and used for its emollient and softening properties. Helping to restore the natural moisture to your skin, this butter is creamy and highly beneficial for dry and damaged skin!

Emu Oil - All-natural emu oil is said to have a plethora of beneficial properties when applied topically. Research has shown that emu oil is almost 100% Triglyceride, which means that emu oil is nearly a complete neutral lipid. When emu oil is mixed with herbs known for their ability of acting on skin or muscle-joint problems, the results are said to be extraordinary. It has antibacterial properties, inhibits bacteria growth, does not clog pores, soaks in easily, and is a penetration enhancer.

Evening Primrose (Seed) Oil - The evening primrose plant was used for healing by North American natives long before the Europeans came. However, the therapeutic properties of its seed oil is a recent discovery. Evening Primrose Seed Oil contains 72% linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid that is abundant in commercial seed oils. EPO also contains 9% gamma-linolenic acid which is present in only a few other plant seeds.

Gamma-linolenic acid is an essential fatty acid of major importance to the health of every organ in the body. It is perfect for use on skin to help deliver nutrients to keep skin healthy. Evening primrose oil can be used on eczema and psoriasis with great results. Use on hair and skin to help reduce dryness and act as a barrier to hold moisture in. As a natural astringent, evening primrose oil helps to keep oil production in the skin in control to help prevent acne.

Grape Seed Oil absorbs well and is lightweight, which makes it perfect as a summer moisturizer. Also an astringent, grape seed oil works wonders for acne prone and oily skin. Being nonallergenic it is recommended for nearly all skin types, including sensitive.

Hazel Nut Oil absorbs into the skin quickly, and doesn't leave an oily

residue. It tones and encourages the cell regeneration of damaged and aging skin, tightening it and helping to maintaining its firmness and elasticity. Being slightly astringent it is useful for oily or acne prone skin types. Hazelnut oil also strengthens capillaries and stimulates blood circulation, reviving lifeless, dull skin, into radiant, smooth, hydrated, healthy skin, nourished by all the essential vitamins, minerals, and proteins therein.

Hemp Seed Oil is used to reduce skin discomfort by soothing and restoring dry or damaged skin and increasing the natural moisture retention capacity. With regular use, body care products containing hemp seed oil can help slow down the effects of skin aging and leave the skin smooth, soft and moisturized.

Illipe Butter is the fat obtained from the nuts of Shorea Stenoptera, a wild crop in the jungle of South East Asia. Illipe butter is recommended to heal sores and mouth ulcers. It reinforces the skins lipid barrier and helps maintain the skin's moisture.

Jojoba Oil The Jojoba plant is native to the arid, desert climes of both northern Mexico and the US, particularly Arizona. Jojoba "oil" is actually a liquid wax that mimics human sebum, the substance which causes your skin to stay waterproof. It absorbs well and makes skin incredibly soft.

Jojoba oil is extremely beneficial to oily skin, since it dissolves sebum and limits oil production. It is also known to reduce fine lines and lighten scars. Jojoba oil has traditionally been used in the Southwestern United states to treat cuts and sores, while allowing the skin to breathe. It has high anti-inflammatory properties and can improve skin conditions such as eczema and acne.

Kokum Butter is obtained from the fruit kernel of Garcinia indica, which grows in the savanna areas in parts of the Indian subcontinent. It has very high content of stearic-oleic-stearic triglycerides. Kokum butter has been used as an astringent; and topical application to ulceration and fissures of lips, hands, and soles of feet has proven to be especially beneficial for the healing of damaged skin.

Macadamia Nut Oil is native to Australia and now cultivated in the islands of Hawaii. Macadamia nut oil contains a high concentration of palmitoleic acid. Similar in its chemical structure to the sebum of human skin it works to improve skin structure and moisturize by strengthening the skin lipid barrier. It has emollient, regenerative and skin conditioning properties.

Mango Butter is obtained from de-shelled fruit kernels of the mango tree, native to sub-continental India and the tropics. It has emollient properties, high oxidative ability, wound healing, and regenerative activity due to its high unsaponiables (the amount of oil that will remain in the soap after the saponification process, up to 8%). It also has a protective effect against UV radiation.

Meadow Foam Oil is excellent for dry and dehydrated skin, as it is one of the best oils to help prevent moisture loss in the skin. It conditions and nourishes skin, leaving it healthy and smooth.

Monoi Butter Monoi Butter is a soft, velvety butter. It offers rich moisturizing benefits for skin and hair and leaves a smooth, silky feel without the addition of silicones or Parabans.

Monoi has been scientifically tested and proven to provide long-lasting moisture, and have soothing and purifying effects on the skin. Monoi moisturizes skin so well that, in the ancient times, early Polynesians used to cover their newborn babies from head to toe with Monoi to protect them from dehydration

Monoi de Tahiti Oil is a proprietary formula of Tahiti containing Monoi butter and the essence of the tropical Tiare flower famous for its aromatherapy action. Monoi de Tahiti Oil helps to heal dry, chapped and cracked skin, balances the moisture in skin, and helps damaged skin like burns, cuts, scars.

Monoi de Tahiti oil is suitable for all skin types, especially for dry or mature aging skin. It helps to remove toxic build-up in the skin, improving the skin's complexion. It is good oil for face and neck treatments and may even help to reduce wrinkling.

Mowrah Butter is obtained from the seed kernels of the fruit of the Indian tree (Madhuca Latifolia). The Butter is a soft solid at room temperature and melts immediately upon contact with the skin. Prevents drying of the skin and may hinder the development of wrinkles. Reduces degeneration of skin cells and restores skin flexibility.

Neem Seed Oil has been hailed as one of "nature's miracles." It is used predominantly for its antibacterial properties, but it is also a natural antiviral, and has many more attributes that make it an amazing oil. It helps tremendously with the healing process because it is an antiseptic and also helps to regenerate damaged cells. Restoring and conditioning, this oil helps to keep skin smooth and healthy even with such problematic issues as psoriasis and other disorders.

Pistachio Nut Oil - Being a rich source of vitamin E, a fat soluble antioxidant, Pistachios play a vital role in maintaining hale and hearty skin. It protects your skin from harmful UV rays, thereby reducing the odds of skin cancer and sunburns and is a great natural emollient and helps to nourish skin to keep it healthy. Pistachio Nut Oil happens to be naturally infused with demulcent properties which tend to have highly hydrating and smoothening effects on the skin. Pistachio is highly beneficial when it comes to aging, containing a variety of potent antioxidants that tend to neutralize free radicals, a chief culprit behind premature aging, and in ensuring soft & silky skin for a longer time. This oil is also rich in phytosterols that may have anti-cancer properties.

Virgin Plum Kernel Oil also known as prune kernel oil, is gaining worldwide attention for its nutritive role within cosmetic (and culinary) applications. It is a recently developed vegetable oil, pressed from the seeds, or stones, of the d'Agen prune plum. It is an exotic and rich oil with excellent skin penetrating abilities and does not leave a greasy residue behind. Plum Kernel Oil demonstrates the dramatic ability to nourish, moisturize and improve skin elasticity. It also helps to prevent and treat signs of aging of the skin, keeping it looking youthful and radiant. Its light texture, quick absorption and delicate fruity/almond-like aroma complements the finest specialty cosmetic products.

Pumpkin Seed Oil (also Pumpkin Seed Butter) is known as "green gold". It's one of the most nutritious oils available. It contains Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, Vitamins A, C, E, and Zinc and minerals phosphorus, magnesium, manganese and calcium. Pumpkin Seed Oil possesses high levels of natural antioxidants. Antioxidants protect cell structure and health by neutralizing "free radicals", which are unstable molecules generated from sources like radiation and air pollution. Left unchecked, free radicals can attack the skin's structure, leaving it vulnerable to wrinkling, infection and other damage.

Pumpkin Seed Oil may help with minor skin irritations, such as redness and acne. Because of its anti-aging properties, Pumpkin Seed Oil can help the skin retain moisture, maintain normal cell structure and keep your skin looking and feeling healthy. Pumpkin Seed Oil does not smell like pumpkins. :-) It is a very green oil (unrefined version) that has a slight nutty aroma.

Rose Hip Seed Oil is a pressed seed oil, extracted from the seeds of a wild rose bush (Rosa moschata or Rosa rubiginosa) in the southern Andes. Rosehip seed oil can also be extracted from Rosa canina, which grows in many regions of the world including South Africa and Europe. It is commonly used in skin care products. It is commonly used for a variety of skin conditions, including dermatitis, acne and eczema, for mature and sun burnt skin as well as brittle nails and wrinkles. Rose hip oil is also frequently used to heal scarring and diminish photo-aging.

It quickly absorbs into the skin replenishing moisture and creates a protective barrier on the skin to help prevent dehydration, assists with cell regeneration and promotes collagen and elastin levels to increase. This results in firmer, smoother and more youthful skin with greater elasticity.

Rose Hip Seed oil contains ProVitamin A (mostly beta-Carotene). It has been wrongly said to contain retinol (vitamin A) which is a vitamin solely made by animals from ProVitamin A. It does however contain levels (up to .357 ml/L) of tretinoin or all-trans retinoic acid, a vitamin A acid that retinol converts to. Therefore, if you have an allergy to retinols, you may wish to avoid Rose Hip Seed Oil.

Sacha Inchi Nut Oil from the Sacha Inchi plant, which is indigenous to the Peruvian Amazon Forest, and produces small nuts that are extremely rich in high quality, nutritious vegetable oil. Sacha Inchi Nut Oil is a forest crop and encourages reforestation of the Amazon, which has a more positive impact than that of other oil plants.

Sacha Inchi Nut Oil has a naturally higher concentration of essential fatty acids, with more than 48% being Omega 3. Sacha Inchi Nut Oil restructures and protects the skin, hair and nails, limiting dehydration, strengthening and rebuilding its natural barriers.Its external use is indicated for sensitive and dry skin including inflamed and irritated skin, and for dry or damaged hair. Vitamin E is an active component for regeneration and unsaturated fatty acids nourish, treat and prevent the problems of skin and hair.

Sal (Shorea) Butter is obtained from the kernels of the Sal tree, a tree growing wild in the jungle of forests of North, East, and Central India. Sal is used locally for cooking and soap production. It is comparable to cocoa butter in physical properties and is used in some similar applications.

Sea Buckthorn Oil.  Contrary to what its name suggests, sea buckthorn oil does not come from the sea. It's actually derived from sea buckthorn, a shrub that belongs to the Elaeagnaceae family and grows in the mountainous and coastal areas of Asia and Europe.

Its botanical name, Hippophae rhamnoides, means "tree that makes the horse shine," referring to its ability to improve horses' health and make their hair shiny and smooth. It was also used to cure blindness in horses.

Oral and topical applications of sea buckthorn oil both have benefits on skin problems. It promotes skin hydration, elasticity, and skin regeneration, and even helps treat and prevent acne.

Sea buckthorn oil may also be beneficial for rosacea, a chronic inflammatory condition that causes small red bumps on the face.

High volume of Omega 3, 6, 7 & 9 and the necessary vitamins A, C, D, B, E & K to promote healthy skin and hair. The oils and polyunsaturated essential fatty acids contained in Sea Buckthorn are reported to improve overall hair health and lend itself to a healthy and natural-looking shine.  In addition, preliminary trials seem to indicate a correlation between the use of sea buckthorn and a reduction in the onset of premature hair loss. Current reports on Sea Buckthorn benefits on the scalp and hair have noted its success in:

  • Building good cells on your scalp
  • Killing the demodex mite
  • Cleaning out the hair follicles
  • Aiding in hair elasticity
  • Maintaining moisture in the hair shaft where it is needed
  • Protecting cuticle of hair shaft *

* Mercola.com August 04, 2016

Sesame Seed Oil is acquired from the seeds of Sesamum indicum plant. It naturally has yellow color, nutty flavor, and contains plenty of nutrients.This oil is very nourishing, as it is extremely rich in vitamins and minerals, as well as essential fatty acids that are vital to keep skin in optimum condition. It's said to be a natural sunscreen, detoxifies and moisturizes the skin, slows down aging, reduces anti-bacterial infections, and helps repair damaged skin cells. This oil is highly regarded for use in Ayurveda medicine, a traditional system of Hindu medicine whose origins trace back to 5,000 BC.

Shea Butter is from the kernels of the Shea nut tree, and native to Western Africa. It is derived completely from renewable natural resources. Its unique fatty acid composition makes it a suitable emollient for many skin-care applications, such as baby-care products, massage creams, make-up, and similar products. One unique characteristic of Shea butter is its content of unsaponiables, (the amount of oil that will remain in the soap after the saponification process, up to 11%), which imparts soothing properties, provides extra sun protection and helps to heal sunburns and reduce eczema. Contains cinnamic acid, which may provide a natural barrier to UV rays.

Shea Oil is obtained as a fractionated result of Shea butter and it comes directly from the seed where the liquid oleins are removed from the thicker stearines. This oil is an incredible natural healer, and can be used to help treat dry skin, eczema and various other skin conditions. Vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids lend extremely nourishing properties to this oil, which will help to keep skin healthy and bright. Shea oil leaves a light protective barrier on the skin, which will help to keep it safe from harmful pollutants. As a natural anti-inflammatory, Shea oil will help to reduce swelling and irritation of the skin.
Squalane - The body's squalane levels start declining when we're in our 20s. The squalane oil we use is derived from olive oil, and is a great natural substitute for our body's squalane.

It is highly compatible with skin, and is quickly and deeply absorbed without leaving an oily film or residue. It helps to condition skin and trap moisture to it. Squalane oil leaves a protective barrier on the skin, helping to keep it safe from harmful pollutants. This oil is healing and boosts cellular regeneration, and will help to repair damage such as chapped or cracked skin. Squalane also helps to soften rough skin.

Over time, using squalane can reduce wrinkles, eliminate scars, reverse UV damage, lighten freckles and erase skin pigmentation while fighting free radicals.

GMO-Free Sunflower Seed Oil is the non-volatile oil compressed from flower-head seeds of the sunflower (Helianthus annuus). Very high pressure is applied to the seeds to extract the oil. With Vitamins A, D, and E, sunflower seed oil is extremely nourishing and helps to keep skin healthy with essential fatty acids. Sunflower seed oil helps to condition and hold moisture to the skin, which will prevent it from dehydrating and becoming irritated and scaly. Sunflower seed oil leaves a protective barrier that helps to keep skin safe from pollutants. This oil also helps to treat and relieve skin conditions such as eczema and dermatitis.

Tacuma Butter comes from the Tacuma palm tree, prominent in the Amazon rainforest region. Tacuma butter promotes healthy skin because of its high fatty acid content. The butter is rich with polyphenols and fatty acids. Polyphenols are known to combat or protect the body from free radicals in the tissues, while fatty acids work to moisturize, safeguard and hydrate the skin.

Tacuma Butter does not leave any greasy feel as it is highly absorbent, but is solid at room temperature. Due to its pure and organic nature, the butter can also be used for those with sensitive skin. As Tacuma Butter becomes more popular, steps are being taken to preserve the Amazon rainforest region it comes from.

Tamanu Oil is an incredible oil! Tamanu Oil comes from the nut of the Tamanu Tree, found inside the inedible fruit that is only produced once a year. Thousands of years ago, the natives of Tahiti found a large, strange tree growing near the ocean, which they named the "Ati" tree. The nut of this tree contained a special oil that they used to help protect their skin from the hot sun, humidity and sea winds. This oil is truly multi-faceted; it is an emollient, helping to prevent dehydration of the skin, softens rough skin, and repairs and regenerates cells and skin that has been damaged. A natural analgesic, this oil is great around delicate tissue. Tamanu oil is extremely high in essential fatty acids, making it very nourishing.

Ungurahua Oil has been used for centuries by the Amazonian people. It is naturally extracted from the fruit of the Seje palm native to the tropical rainforests from Panama to South American. There is no danger to the palm trees themselves as only the fruit of the tree is used. Ungurahua Oil is rich in Vitamin E and tones the epidermis, slows the aging of skin, restores natural levels of moisture in the skin, provides elasticity, and protects the skin against external conditions such as cold, pollution and dryness.
http://www.inkanatural.com/en/arti.asp?ref=ungurahui-cosmetic-oil

Vitamin E Oil also called "tocopherol," isn't just one compound-it's actually a name used to describe eight chemical forms of fat-soluble compounds found in nature. Vitamin E (tocopherols) are proven to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions, which can help protect skin, speed wound healing, and provide anti-aging effects.

Not all vitamin E is the same. Many cheap supplement manufacturers cut corners by using synthetic vitamin E -- a more affordable form (dl-alpha-tocopheryl) that "does less" than natural vitamin E. Synthetic vitamin E is made from petrochemicals, a.k.a. petroleum. Tocopheryl acetate is a chemical form of Vitamin E. When buying a vitamin E supplement, check the label to see if it contains natural or synthetic vitamin E.

  • Natural Vitamin E = d-alpha-tocopherol
  • Synthetic Vitamin E = dl-alpha-tocopheryl
  • Chemical Vitamin E = Tocopheryl acetate is a chemical compound that consists of acetic acid and tocopherol (vitamin E)

When looking for vitamin E in your skin care, look for the term "tocopherol." Labeling requirements prohibit the use of the word "vitamin" on cosmetic labels.

Walnut Oil is extremely emollient, and will help to soften skin and retain moisture. This oil is rich in essential fatty acids, making it a very nutritive oil. Regenerative and anti-aging properties help to heal damaged skin and keep skin youthful and bright.

Essential Oils or Fragrance Oils

Although we prefer to use essential oils in our skin-care products whenever possible, you will at times find an occasional product made with fragrance oils; as is the case with some of the soaps. I've found that essential oils don't take well to the saponification process (where lye and water turn oils to soap) and sometimes the fragrance fades. But rest assured, I'm still working on finding a way to use only essential oils in all our skin-loving creations!

If you would like more information on the properties of any particular essential or fragrance oil we use, or would like to know why we use them, please feel free to contact us at info@5280Naturals.com and we will try and respond within 48 hours. Currently, most of the fragrance oil and essential oils we use are explained in the product descriptions, but we will have a reference guide for essential oils available in the future. At the moment it is a work in progress, so please bear with us.

Extracts

What is an extract? It is the purified or concentrated essence of a substance and the properties contained within. In other words, it is the undiluted best "stuff" from inside a botanical. The "stuff" in our case being, polyphenols, flavonoids, vitamins, minerals, and so on, contained in a purified and water soluble form. Adding these extracts is our way of guaranteeing that we have all the "good stuff" you need in the products we make.

Aloe Extract is renowned for its ability to heal, moisturize, and sooth irritated, inflamed, or sunburned skin.

Avocado Extract is generally used to improve softness and radiance of skin. It is also considered helpful with dry hair and scalp.

Calendula Extract is derived from a certain variety of the marigold plant. Calendula is native to the Mediterranean region but can now be found all around the world. Traditionally, Calendula has been used to sooth sensitive or irritated skin. Infusions of Calendula are also antiseptic, rumored to disinfect minor wounds and treat infections.

Carrot Extract is high in vitamins A and E and beta carotene. It is an anti-inflammatory, soothing chapped and uncomfortable skin. It is thought to bring balance to the moisture in both skin and hair as a conditioning agent.

Chamomile Extract is used as an anti-inflammatory and also as a mild sedative. It helps to reduce redness and is soothing to inflamed skin.

Dulse is a sea vegetable that typically is snacked on for its nutritional properties. In skincare, Dulse extract is used for its natural antioxidant properties and abundance of vitamins B6, B12, C, E, and A.

Evening Primrose Extract has been long known as a natural anti-inflammatory, and has also been traditionally used in preparations that care for mature skin. It is also wonderful for soothing dry, irritated, red, and itchy skin.

Green Tea Extract - Both animal and human studies have demonstrated that topical green tea formulations reduce sun damage. Also, very preliminary, but promising, studies show that green tea used topically may inhibit enzymes whose excessive activity contributes to age-related degradation of the skin matrix.

Jewelweed Extract has marked antimicrobial properties and is an anti-mutagen. More recently it has taken on a significance for its potential as an anti-carcinogenetic.

Mallow Extract was cherished by the Ancient Romans for its soothing and protecting properties for dry and sensitive skin. Mallow Extract is commonly used in skincare preparations to reduce inflammation.

Nettle Extract works as an anti-inflammatory aid in skin-care.

Oat Extract is soothing for all types of skin (perfect for sensitive skin) and especially popular in baby skin-care products. Oat Extract is also considered moisturizing and mildly anti-aging.

Orchid Extract moisturizes, boosts skin immunity, reduces fine lines & soothes skin.

Panax Ginseng Root Extract -is prized as an anti-aging ingredient because it has so many phyto nutrients, and helps to regenerate, tone, and brighten skin. Ginsengs conditioning benefits and emollient properties make it beneficial for dry hair or skin.

Sea Buckthorn Extract is derived from the seeds and pulp of the Sea Buckthorn Berry, used for its nourishing effects in soothing sensitive and easily irritated skin, and in anti-aging creams.

Willow Bark Extract is used in cosmetics and personal care products for its astringent, anti-inflammatory, soothing and conditioning properties. Willow Bark Extract is recommended for balancing and toning most skin types. Willow Bark Extract contains 10% salicylic acid, a BHA that is a natural exfoliant and is used in many acne treatments because of its ability to help skin shed dead cells and clear pores; it can also stimulate new cell formation without irritation.

Fruit Extracts

Apple contains alpha-hydroxy acids, which refine and rejuvenate the skin. Apple Extract is best known for its moisturizing and anti-aging properties, making it perfect for dry or mature skin. It has exceptional elastase inhibition activity, making it suitable for treatments aimed at maintaining the skin's youthful elasticity.

Bananais rich in potassium and vitamin A. In formulations it has proven to be great for dry skin, and contains no known substance to aggravate or irritate the skin.

Grapefruit is considered rich in antioxidants and is said to have a cleansing and toning effect on the skin. It can be used as part of an acne treatment or in other skin care products, however it may cause photosensitization.

Guava is revered for both its vitamin content and anti-aging properties, because it is very rich in Vitamin A, B and C, and helps prevent oxidation of cells.

Mango is a member of the cashew family and is reputed to be extremely high in Vitamin A, C and Beta Carotene. It is often used in formulations to prevent the formation of wrinkles and the drying of skin.

Papaya is gently refreshing with a sweet, summery fragrance. It is excellent in stabilizing oily skin & working as an exfoliant on dry areas. Often used in skin products for the purpose of a natural lift & rejuvenation of the skin, Papaya contains Vitamin A, a property that benefits skin repair through increasing the rate of new cell formation. The Vitamin C in Papaya is an anti-oxidant with wonderful proteins for smoother, softer skin.

Pineapple contains the fruit enzyme 'bromelain', which is effective in exfoliating dead cells on the surface of the skin. In cosmetics, pineapple can act as a skin conditioning and lytic (breaking down of dead cells) agent.

Strawberry Rich in polyphenols and Vitamin C, strawberry provides protection for the skin, has skin soothing properties, and is a wonderful toner to reduce the appearance of pores.

Watermelon is rich in Vitamin C and naturally occurring carbohydrates and amino acids. It supports the UV-stressed immune system of the skin, and can be used to prevent photo-aging; while helping to protect the skin from every day toxins and promoting cell-renewal.

Goat Milk

The benefits of using homemade goat milk soaps are that raw goats milk contains alpha hydroxy acids, like lactic acid and glycolic acid, that gently clean and remove dead skin cells from your body leaving your skin looking younger and feeling smoother. Removing the dead skin cells may help improve certain skin conditions that are caused because of irritation, such as acne. It has also been shown to soothe psoriasis and eczema and has numerous anti-aging properties. The cream in goat's milk soap is a very skin friendly moisturizer, allowing you to clean your skin and moisturize at the same time.

Goat's milk is also rich in vitamins A, B, C, and E, as well as Zinc, and other nutrients vital to healthy skin. The pH balance of the fatty acids found in goat's milk is very similar to the pH levels found in the human body, making it easy for these beneficial nutrients and moisturizers to be absorbed into the skin.
Cosmeticdesign.com

Other Milks - (Handmade, not store-bought) Coconut, Flax, Kefir, Oat

Almond Milk - Almond milk is an excellent source of vitamin E, a known antioxidant. Antioxidants protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. Almond milk has anti-aging qualities, hydrates the skin, and helps regulate the oil in the skin.
http://www.fitday.com/fitness-articles/nutrition/healthy-eating/almond-milk-good-for-your-skin.html

Coconut Milk - Coconut milk is loaded with beneficial fats, nutrients and minerals. It has a high content of fatty acids and natural moisturizing benefits. Coconut milk also has the ability to moisturize the skin without clogging pores.

Flaxseed Milk - The ALA (Alpha-Linolenic Acid) fats in flax seed benefits the skin and hair by providing essential fats as well as b-vitamins, which can help reduce dryness and flakiness, and improve symptoms of acne, rosacea, and eczema.
http://draxe.com/10-flax-seed-benefit

Goat Milk Kefir - Goat Milk Kefir is one of the best probiotics you can find and recent studies indicate that probiotics in skin-care is a new, exciting area of research! Dr. Whitney Bowe, a clinical assistant professor of dermatology at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City, who has researched the effect of probiotics on acne, said there is compelling evidence that probiotics hold promise for treating both acne and rosacea. As more research emerges, there are four skin conditions (Acne, Rosacea, Eczema and Aging) that seem the most promising for topical probiotics, according to Bowe. Several manufacturers are currently experimenting with adding strains or extracts of probiotics to their skin care products.

Oat Milk - Oat milk is made with presoaked oat groats, which are hulled grain hydrolyzed oats broken into fragments. Oat milk contains many of the same benefits as hydrolyzed Oat Protein and Colloidal Oatmeal. For a more defined explanation please refer to the "Hydrolyzed protein" and "Colloidal Oatmeal" sections listed under "Additives" in this guide

Other

Ethanol Corn, Organic Non-GMO, Not Denatured 190 Proof

Organic Non-GMO, Not Denatured 190 Proof (Ethanol) is used in "Natural" Body Care, Flavor Extracts, Flower Essences (Bach), "Natural" Perfumes, Fortifications, Herbal Extracts and Tinctures.
 
Currently, we only use Alchemical Solutions Ethanol in our after-shaves, instead of Isopropyl Alcohol, which is so dangerous to your health.  Please see the "Ingredients We Avoid" page on this website for information regarding Isopropyl Alcohol, and all denatured alcohols.
 
Alchemical Solutions' 190 proof neutral certified organic corn alcohol is made from certified organic corn. Alchemical Solutions' maintain the utmost level of quality and attention to detail, while at the same time adhering to environmentally sound practices. Their Spirits are three stage filtered to assure their customers the highest level of purity. Tested by an independent lab to insure that they meet United States Pharmacopeia (UPS) standards, they meet or exceed the stringent standards of the USP.  Note: Not all pure alcohol is pharmaceutical grade - only 190 proof and 200 proof pure ethanol meet the USP standard.
 
Interesting background on "Fortifications" - The original reason for fortifying wine was to preserve it. Alcohol is a natural preservative, and when added before the fermentation of wine is complete, it kills the yeast and leaves residual sugar behind. The end result is a wine that is both sweeter and stronger, normally containing about 20% alcohol by volume (ABV). Even though other preservation methods exist, fortification continues to be used because wine drinkers took a liking to this kind of wine. By law, the term "fortified wine" is not permitted to appear on wine labels in the United States; consequently, these wines are usually called dessert wines. In Europe, they are called liqueur wines.

Preservatives

There is no doubt within the scientific community that the preservatives that contain parabens, urea, and glycols are by far the most stable and effective preservatives, and the FDA has found these chemicals "safe" at a low concentration. However, because of the continued debate over the "safety" of these products, especially after long-term use, we decided to err on the side of caution when using preservatives. We use only Ecocert natural preservatives, approved for use in organic products. Natural and/or organic-approved preservatives are hard to find and can be expensive. At times, this fact will be reflected in the price of our products. Please understand that it is only so we can bring you the absolute best and make our creations the healthiest and purest for you. If you have further questions regarding natural or organic cosmetics and Ecocert, please visit their website at: http://www.ecocert.com/en/natural-and-organic-cosmetics